A big decision for many parents as their twins approach school age is whether to keep them in the same classroom or not.

Everyone seems to have an opinion about whether twins should be separated at school or not – but how do you know what decision is best for your twins?

Dr Karen Thorpe from the Queensland University of Technology conducted a study with twins from Twins Research Australia, looking at the experiences of twins starting school. She maintains that parents nearly always make the right decision, revealing that only 10% decide to separate their twins when starting school.

Current data from Twins Research Australia’s health and lifestyle questionnaire supports this statistic with nearly 80% of respondents making the decision to keep their twins together for the first year of school.

The reasons why parents may prefer to keep their twins together are usually related to the comfort that the inter-twin relationship provides. Dr Thorpe reveals that “many parents believe the twin relationship provides emotional support and familiarity in the new environment of the school and the choice of keeping twins with their co-twin on transition to schooling was viewed as the least disruptive option”.

Dr Thorpe’s research aimed to address what rationale parents use in making a decision regarding the class placement of their children and how this differs between children who are separated versus those who are kept together. She discovered that most parents made the decision to place their children in the same class at school entry, but often opted to separate as the children grew older.

Our research supports this theory with 42% of TRA parents deciding to separate their twins for Grade 1, and over 50% of parents deciding on separate classes for their twins by Grade 3. Nearly 80% of TRAtwins no longer share a class by Year 12.

There can be many reasons why parents do make the decision to separate – and this can be unique to each family. There may be co-dependency issues or unfair comparisons between the twins, for example, which the family feel may be helped by separation.

Professors David Hay and Pat Preedy from Curtin University of Technology have also researched the educational needs of multiple-birth children and acknowledge that while many parents do not have a choice to separate or not, a school policy for multiples that is flexible is helpful. They maintain that while there is not yet any good evidence about the benefits or otherwise of separating multiples, it is clear that “separation is not a universal solution to issues that may arise with multiples”.

Ultimately, however, there is no right or wrong answer. It is up to your family and what will best suit your twins. Parents who responded to our questionnaire reported that their decision was primarily influenced by the twins themselves, with many also valuing the advice of teachers.

You can read more about Dr Thorpe’s results here.

If you are interested in learning more about Twins Research Australia or joining in a study, please visit our website.

If you have not yet completed our Health and Lifestyle Questionnaire and would like to do so, you can learn more here

(You are welcome to download a PDF of this story here and re-publish in your club eNews)

Twins Research Australia

Address: 3/207 Bouverie St
Carlton, Vic 3010

Email: info@twins.org.au

ABN: 84 002 705 224

Twins Research Australia has received continuous funding from the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) since 1981, most recently through a Centre of Research Excellence Grant (2015-2022). TRA is administered by the University of Melbourne.

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